Antarctica is the southern continent of the Earth, with the South Pole embedded. It is located in the Antarctic region of the southern hemisphere and almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle. We know Antarctica covering by ice with 99% area but we will discussing Top places to Travel or tourist destination in these continents.
It is surrounded by the southern ocean. With an area of 140 million square kilometers (5.4 million square miles), it is the fifth-largest continent on Earth, after Asia, Africa, North America, and South America, with 98% of Antarctica covering an average of 1.6 kilometers of thick snow.
Antarctica, on average, is the world’s coldest, driest and driest winds and it has the highest elevation over all continents. Antarctica is considered a desert, as its annual precipitation is only 200 mm (8 in). And it is also mostly in coastal areas. There is no permanent resident here but around 1,000 to 5,000 people are present throughout the year at various research centers which are spread all over the continent. Only air-conditioned plants and organisms can survive here, including penguins, seals, nematodes, tardigrades, fleas, various types of algae, and microorganisms, as well as tundra plants.
Although various myths and speculations about terra australis (southern lands) were prevalent throughout Europe for centuries, the credit for introducing this land to the whole world in 1820 goes to Russian expeditioners Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev and Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen. The continent remained more or less neglected in the 19th century due to its heterogeneous climatic conditions, lack of resources, and isolation from the mainland. The first formal use of the name Antarctica for the continent was in 1890 by the Scottish cartographer John George Bartholomew. The name Antarctica comes from the Greek compound word ανταρκτική Antarctica which is the feminine form of ανταρκτικός Antarcticos and means “opposite of the north”.
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Twelve countries signed the Antarctic Treaty in 1959, to date forty-six countries have signed the treaty. The Treaty supports scientific research with a ban on military and mineral mining activities on the continent and is committed to saving the continent’s ecological zone. Currently more than 4,000 scientists from many countries are conducting various experiments with different research objectives.
Let’s Know Top Facts about Antarctica Continents | Top Places to Travel | Tourist Destination
1. If you want to work in Antarctica, first of all, you have to get your teeth and appendix removed, even if they are absolutely healthy, because there is no surgery facility available at the work stations here and If something happens due to cold, your surgery will not be done here. No one can stay here for long.
2. Antarctica is the driest location in the world. Not only this, but the driest place of the earth is also in Antarctica, which is called ‘Dry Valleys’.
3. Antarctica has its own ‘top-level domain = .aq’, like ‘Australia, .au’ and ‘Germany .de’.
4. About 53 million years ago Antarctica was a very hot place, so hot that palm trees easily grew on its edges. The temperature here was more than 20C at that time.
5. Metallica Band first performed a concert on this continent. This band has performed concerts on seven continents within 1 year.
6. There is also a Nuclear Power Station in Antarctica named McMurdo Station. This power station has been operating here since 1962.
7. There is also a fire station in Antarctica. The name of this station is Murdo station.
8. Despite being extremely cold, 1150 different species of fungi are found in Antarctica.
9. Technically, all the Earth’s time zones are found in Antarctica. Here all the longitude lines used to define the time zone meet at both poles of this continent.
10. Not a single Polar Bear lives in Antarctica. If you want to see Polar Bear then you will have to Arctic or Canada.
11. There is also a Bar in Antarctica, which is present at the southern tip of the world. It is located in Bar Vernadsky Research Station.
12. On July 21, 1983, the lowest temperature on earth was recorded at the Vostok station in Antarctica at -128.56 degrees Fahrenheit.
13. Antarctica is the fifth-largest continent. Its area is 1.4 million square kilometers.
14. 99% of Antarctica is covered with snow. The glaciers that remain covered by these islands are called ‘Ice Sheet’.
15. The average thickness of Antarctica ice is about 1.6 kilometers. Antarctica has 70% of the water present on the entire earth.
We know Antarctica is not tourist place but we try to cover some attraction and information about Antarctica continents. We are trying adding Top Places to Travel and Tourist Destination in Antarctica. Any our reader going in these continents, If yes please share your experience.